Volcanic Debris Avalanches


Volcanic debris avalanches

Project duration: 2019 - today



  Book Volcanic debris avalanches Copyright: © © LIH

The book “Volcanic Debris Avalanches – from Collapse to Hazard” commemorates the 40th anniversary of the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption, which was accompanied by a lateral collapse and debris avalanche. This event was a turning point in our understanding of the hummocky landscapes around volcanic edifices as it was the first, internationally available documentation of large-scale edifice collapse and resulting debris avalanche. In the decades since, hundreds of papers have been published on the topic. This book ( https://www.springer.com/de/book/9783030574109 ) is a state-of-the-art account written by colleagues from around the world:

  1. Volcanic Debris Avalanches: Introduction and Book Structure. Roverato, M., Dufresne, A.
  2. A Historical Perspective on Lateral Collapse and Volcanic Debris Avalanches. Siebert, L., Roverato, M.
  3. Terminology and Strategy to Describe Large Volcanic Landslides and Debris Avalanches. Bernard, B., Takarada, S., Andrade, S.D., Dufresne, A.
  4. Distribution and Geometric Parameters of Volcanic Debris Avalanche Deposits. Dufresne, A., Siebert, L., Bernard, B.
  5. Factors Contributing to Volcano Lateral Collapse. Roverato, M., Di Traglia, F., Procter, J., Paguican, E.M.R., Dufresne, A.
  6. Climatic Influence on Volcanic Landslides. Roberti, G., Roberts, N.J., Lit, C.
  7. Volcanic Debris Avalanche Transport and Emplacement Mechanisms. Paguican, E.M.R., Roverato, M., Yoshida, H.
  8. Sedimentology of Volcanic Debris Avalanche Deposits. Dufresne, A., Zernack, A.V., Bernard, K., Thouret, J.-C., Roverato, M.
  9. Volcanic Debris-Avalanche Deposits in the Context of Volcaniclastic Ring Plain Successions—A Case Study from Mt. Taranaki. Zernack., A.V.
  10. Volcanic-Island Lateral Collapses and Their Submarine Deposits. Watt, S.F.L., Karstens, J., Berndt, C.
  11. Computer Simulation of a Volcanic Debris Avalanche from Mt. Taranaki, New Zealand. Procter, J.N., Zernack, A.V., Cronin, S.J.
  12. Cyclic Growth and Destruction of Volcanoes. Zernack, A.V., Procter, J.N.

Benjamin Bernard (Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador), Lee Siebert (Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institute), Anja Dufresne (LIH, RWTH-Aachen) and colleagues are compiling a comprehensive database of volcanic debris avalanche deposits with the aim of making it available in an online depository. This project is an ongoing effort that started during the PhD times of Anja Dufresne and Benjamin Bernard:

Dufresne, A., Siebert, L., Bernard, B., Sparks, R. S. J., Takarada, S., Clavero, J., Belousov, A., Belousova, M. (2008). Volcanic debris avalanche deposit database-a progress report. IAVCEI General Assembly, Iceland.